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Word Formation Prefixes — Словообразование «Приставки»

Prefixes are syllables which we add before certain words to form new words. The meaning of the new word depends on the prefix that has been used.

Приставки — это слоги, которые мы добавляем перед определенными словами, чтобы сформировать новые слова. Значение нового слова зависит от приставки, которая была использована.

prefix = meaning (examples)

anti- = against/opposed to (anti-government, anti-racist, anti-war)
auto- = self (autobiography, automobile)
bi- = two (bilingual)
co- = with (co-pilot, cooperation)
counter- = in the opposite direction (counterattack)
down- = reduce or lower (downgrade, downhearted)
ex- = previous, former (ex-husband)
extra- = beyond (extraordinary, extraterrestrial)
hyper- = extreme (hyperactive, hypertension)
inter- = between (interactive, international)
mega- = very big, important (megabyte, mega-deal, megaton)
mid- = middle (midday, midnight, mid-October)
mis- = incorrectly, badly (misaligned, mislead, misspelt)
mono- = one (monolingual)
multi- = many (multimillionaire)
over- = too much (overcook, overcharge, overrate)
out- = go beyond (outdo, out-perform, outrun)
post- = after (post-election, post-war)
pre- = before (prehistoric, pre-war)
pro- = in favour of (pro-communist, pro-democracy)
re- = again (reconsider, redo, rewrite)
semi- = half (semicircle, semi-retired)
sub- = under, below (submarine, subway)
super- = above, beyond (super-hero, supermodel)
tele- = at a distance (television, telepathic)
trans- = across (transatlantic, transfer)
tri- = three (triangle)
ultra- = extremely (ultra-compact, ultrasound)
under- = less than, beneath (undercook, underestimate)
uni- = one (uniform)
up- = make or move higher (upgrade, uphill)

The prefixes used to express opposite meanings

de- = reverse or change (decontaminate, demotivate)
dis- = reverse or remove (disbalance, disagree, displeasure, disqualify)
in- = not (insecure, inaccurate)
il- (before «l») = not (illegal)
im- (before «b, m, p») = not (imbower, impossible, immature)
ir- (before «r») = not (irregular, but unreliable, unreasonable)
non- = not (non-stop, non-smoking)
un- = remove, reverse, not (undo, unpack, unhappy)

Продолжайте изучать данную тему:
Word Formation Nouns — Словообразование «Существительные»


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