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IELTS Writing Task 2: re-offense

IELTS Writing Task 2: re-offense

Here’s an example of Problem and Solution essay

Many criminals re-offend after serving the first punishment. Why is this happening, and what measures can be taken to tackle this problem?

Causes of crime and re-offending:

  • The main causes of crime are poverty, unemployment and lack of education.
  • People who commit crimes often have no other way of making a living.
  • The prison system can make the situation worse.
  • Offenders mix with other criminals who can be a negative influence.
  • A criminal record makes finding a job more difficult.
  • Many prisoners re-offend when they are released.

Possible measures to reduce crime and re-offending:

  • Prisons should provide education or vocational training.
  • Rehabilitation programmes prepare prisoners for release into society.
  • Community service is another way to reform offenders.
  • It makes offenders useful in their local communities.
  • They might be required to talk to school groups or clean public areas.
  • Offenders also need help when looking for accommodation and work.


In English, there are a lot of specific words for different types of crimes and the criminals who commit them. Before writing your answer on this topic study Vocabulary on the topic Crime.

Model answer

A large number of criminals who serve their first prison sentence, leave prison only to re-offend. This is mainly because of the lack of rehabilitation and difficulty finding regular employment once released. There are a number of solutions, which should be implemented to deal with criminals who re-offend.

Firstly, the reason for most first-time offenders committing crimes again, once they have been released from prison, is due to the lack of rehabilitation whilst in prison. In other words, offenders are not given a chance to retrain and learn new skills for their future or develop a deeper understanding of correct moral behaviour and instead mix with other criminals, which only strengthens their criminal intentions. Secondly, repeat offending is also owing to the difficulty in finding employment after being released. As a result, many of them struggle financially which leads them back to crime, regardless of the consequences.

There are two effective solutions to the problem of repeat offenders. One way to tackle this is to ensure that all criminals entering prison are given the chance to retrain with useful skills, which will hopefully ensure them a job after they have served their sentence. By doing this, it will help them reintegrate back into society and give them some means of supporting themselves financially. Another method of dealing with criminals who re-offend is to have more supervision and checks in place when they are back in society. This solution would hopefully prevent them from taking any chances and deter them from re-offending because they are being so closely watched.

In conclusion, having training in prison and also close observation when first-time offenders are released is effective in dealing with the issue. If governments implemented these solutions, crime figures would soon drop.

(291 words, band 9)

NB Remember that the structure of an essay depends on the type of Writing task 2. Learn more about types here.

Practice more and check out other IELTS essay model answers.

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