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IELTS Writing Task 2 Problem & Solution essay

Use the following structure and phrases as a pattern for writing your perfect IELTS problem and solution essay. You should aim for 270 words for getting band 6 and higher.

Pattern for Problem & Solution essay

Paragraph 1 — Introduction

Paraphrase question — e.g. One of the widely discussed issues nowadays is…

State the purpose — e.g.  This essay will discuss one of the main problems associated with..

Paragraph 2 — Body paragraph 1

State the problem — e.g. The principal problem with … is …          

Explain problem — e.g. One of the main reasons behind that is …

Possible results — e.g. This could lead to … or might result in …

Provide example — e.g. A good case in point is …, for example,… that is …, for instance…

Paragraph 3 — Body paragraph 2

State Solution — e.g. To tackle this problem people should …

Explain Solution — e.g. This may be the easiest and so the best way to …

Give Example — e.g. For instance,…

Paragraph 4 — Conclusion

Make a summary — e.g. In summary, …

Recommendation or Prediction — e.g. It is predicted that…

So it would not be surprising to see some … in the near future.

This structure has been approved by IELTS examiners to be one that will allow students to write a clear and cohesive essay. This structure will allow you to focus on generating your ideas and then writing an effective essay.

NB: Remember that the structure of essay depends on the type of Writing task 2.

Learn more about types here.

Don’t forget to use introductory phrases. Learn more about them here. 

Check model answers for this type

IELTS Writing Task 2: re-offense

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